Reconstructive and Implant Dental Center - Kansas City                                                                                            dental-implants@dr-amet.com          Phone: 913-492-2233          Fax: 913-492-2234                 Office Information Video              

 ADVANCING THE ART AND SCIENCE OF DENTISTRY

                                   

 

RESTORING DENTAL & FACIAL ESTHETICS
with
DENTAL IMPLANTS

 

                  

 

Mouse Over Pictures for Before and After Photos

One Appointment Surgery for Maxillary Sinus Grafting with Lower Extractions and Immediate Implant Placement with Aesthetic Dental ReconstructionOne Appointment Surgery for Extractions and Elimination of Abscess with Immediate Bone Graft and Immediate Implant Placement with Aesthetic Dental ReconstructionCombination Syndrome Corrected with One Appointment Surgery for Upper Ridge Augmentation and Immediate Implant Supported Lower Overdenture with Aesthetic Dental Reconstruction 

Combination Syndrome Corrected with One Appointment Surgery for Upper Ridge HA Augmentation and Removal of Upper Impacted Cuspid and Removal of Lower Teeth with Immediate Implant Supported Lower Overdenture with Aesthetic Dental ReconstructionOne Appointment Surgery with Immediate Dental Implant Loading and an Aesthetic Fixed Detachable Prosthesis with Aesthetic Dental ReconstructionOne Appointment Surgery with Immediate Dental Implant Loading with an Aesthetic Fixed Detachable Prosthesis and Aesthetic Dental Reconstruction

 

The esthetics restoration of facial appearance and improved dental function with implant prosthodontics is directly related to correctly restoring missing intraoral soft and hard tissues and the esthetics and technical abilities of the dentist and dental technician.l  The use of dental implants for oral rehabilitation has revolutionized prosthodontics over the past 3 decades.   Multiple studies have proven the efficacy and excellent long-term prognosis with dental implants.2-5     

 

While initial research and clinical use were directed primarily toward the edentulous patient, more recent studies have focused on the esthetic and functional use of implants in the partially edentulous patient.6    The most challenging area of modern implant dentistry remains the “esthetic zone” in the anterior maxilla and mandible.  Replacing multiple anterior teeth in the otherwise dentate patient requires careful consideration of the location and volume of residual bone, soft tissue esthetics, and room for the implants and prosthesis.

 

Most dental implants have been and are placed in a delayed manner after tooth extraction, allowing for hard and soft tissues to heal prior to implantation.  Unfortunately, this allows for resorption of the alveolar ridge in both the buccolingual and coronoapical directions.  Studies have shown that as much as 3 to 4 mm of resorption can occur during the first 6 months post extraction without the intervention of tissue grafting or regeneration techniques.7,8  Dental implants if placed with a delayed surgical protocol, for an implant supported ceramometal reconstruction with only residual native bone may have unnatural tooth length with spaces between the root structures. 

Since facial appearance and normal speech depends on where the teeth are positioned, as well as their shape, form, surface texture and color, it is often not difficult on casual meeting to detect a person who has an implant supported overdenture or fixed partial denture.  To compensate for the appearance of the artificial teeth, smaller shorter teeth are often used, and positioned for less visibility.  The evenly set smaller teeth can detract from realism and interfere with speech patterns.  The lips will often appear lengthened, tense or thin, in an attempt to conceal these teeth, which may also be set too far posterior in the mouth.  The result is the appearance of premature aging which is caused not by age itself but by the change of facial appearance from the chin and nose appearing to close together with the soft tissue compensating for this change in occlusal vertical dimension and decreased facial height.  The result is the lack of an aesthetic dental smile with premature aging and may result in the incorrect pronunciation of words with the f, & v sounds.

 

From a dental point of view for correct tooth position, the s sound is important to use.  This is the case because the s sound when articulated is mainly influenced by the teeth and palatal part of the maxillary prosthesis.  The sibilants or (sharp sounds) s, z, sh, ch, and j are alveolar sounds, made when the tongue and alveolus form the controlling valve.  The important observation when teeth are being replaced is to evaluate the s or sibilant sound as it is produced and the relationship of the anterior teeth to each other.  The upper and lower incisors should approach end to end when the s sound is made, but should not touch and this can be recorded digitally during speech production with the use of an extraoral camera at the actual moment the sound is made.  This incisal edge sound position is true for class I, II, & III jaw relationship patients.  This then allows for the photographic verification of the maxillary and mandibular incisal edge position as the teeth exactly approach end to end and indicates horizontal overlap of the anterior teeth, the limits of the current physiologic rest position, and can be used as a measurement for occlusal vertical dimension.  This photographic verification will reveal the error but will not indicate whether it is the upper or lower teeth that are incorrectly positioned.  After studying the photographs of s sound production on the computer monitor and the tooth set-up on the articulator in the profile view, the necessary corrections can be easily seen and thus made to the tooth set-up to allow a physiological aesthetic tooth set-up for either fixed or removable prosthodontics.

 

An endosteal implant in bone stimulates and maintains bone dimension and density in a manner similar to healthy natural teeth.  As a result of implant stability and prosthetic position, the patient's facial features are complimented by support with the prosthesis.  A totally implant-supported restorations can be positioned for aesthetics, function, and speech, rather than in the "neutral zones" of soft tissue support as in a complete tissue supported removable prosthesis.

REFERENCES

1.      Zarb G,  Bolender C, Carlsson, G,  Boucher’s Prosthodontic Treatment for Edentulous Patients, Eleventh Edition. St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company; 1997.

2.      Adell R, Lekholm U, Rockler B, Branemark P-I. A 15-year study of osseointergrated implants in the treatment of edentulous jaw.  Int J Oral Surg 1981;10(6):387-416.

3.      Branemark P-I., Zarb GA, Alberktsson T (eds).  Tissue-Intergrated Prostheses. Osseointergration in  Clinical Dentistry. Carol Stream, Il; Quintessence, 1985.Linquist LW,

4.      Carlsson GE, Glantz PO. Rehabilation of the edentulous mandible with  a tissue- intergrated fixed prothesis: A 6-year  longitudinal study. Quintessence Int  1987; 18:89-96

5.      Laney WR, Tolman D, Keller EE, Desjard RP, Van Roekel NB, Branemark P-I. Dental implants; Tissue-intergrated prosthesis utilizing the osseointergration concept.  Mayo Clin Proc 1986;61(2):91-97.

6.      Chiche GJ, Block MS, Pinault A.  Implant surgical template for partially edentulous patients.  Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1989;4:289-292.

7.      Atwood DA, Coyt DA. Clinical, cephalometric and densitometric study of reduction of residual ridges.  J Prosthet Dent  1971;26:280-293

8.      Johnson K. A study of the dimensional changes occurring in the maxilla after tooth extraction. Part I: Normal healing. Aust Dent J 1963;8:428-433.

 

Fig 1  ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

Fig 2  HIGH SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPH COPIED

Fig 3  RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 


Fig 4  ORIGINAL APPEARANCE Front
VIEW


Fig 5  ORIGINAL APPEARANCE PROFILE
VIEW


Fig 6  RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

                  Personalized Cosmetic Dentistry

Improving and Softening Facial Contours


original appearance


RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE
 

HIGH SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPH COPIED

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

 RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS
One Day After Surgery


ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL AESTHETICS
One Day After Surgery

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

ORIGINAL APPEARANCE
 

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

RESTORED FACIAL ESTHETICS

 

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